Australia- Permanent Residence

People with a skill set who want to immigrate must apply for a skilled migration visa, which is typically based on the applicant’s skill set or educational background. The visa aids in attracting skilled individuals who desire to pursue their careers abroad and contribute to the economies of such nations. The applicant must pass a series of point exams in order to be considered for the application, and it’s crucial to be eligible for a skilled permanent resident policy.

People with a skill set who want to immigrate must apply for a skilled migration visa, which is typically based on the applicant’s skill set or educational background. The visa aids in attracting skilled individuals who desire to pursue their careers abroad and contribute to the economies of such nations. The applicant must pass a series of point exams in order to be considered for the application, and it’s crucial to be eligible for a skilled permanent resident policy.

These few reasons make it one of the most favoured destinations for study and work among thousands of people from various corners of the world. Large number of people migrates to Australia under the Department of Immigration & Citizenship (DIAC) Migration program each year.

Fact and Benefits of being an Australian Permanent Resident:

  • Travel in and out of the country all you want for the length of your visa (usually 5 years) Work in any industry for unlimited hours a day (EXCEPT Australian Public Services), Sponsor relatives to migrate into Australia. Travel to New Zealand without a visa.
  • Entitlement to Medicare (provides heaps of free health benefits and cheaper health insurance. Assistance from Centre link provides social security payments and gives assistance to the unemployed, retirees, students, families, parents, people with disabilities, etc.
  • Same ‘domestic’ tertiary education rates as Citizens. Free primary and secondary education in government schools.
  • Eligible to apply after meeting the REQUIREMENTS.

Effective July 1, 2012, new points system has been rolled out the below mentioned Skilled Migration Visas. The Qualifying Score is now 60 points for Skilled Subclasses:

Subclass 189 (Skilled Independent Visa).

The Australian Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) was created to address Australia’s talent shortages. It is a Permanent Visa and is subject to the points-based Australian Immigration system. Applicants must certify that they meet the requirements or have the necessary abilities for a job on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL). Neither family sponsorship nor Australian State/Territory Government nomination is required for applicants. Applicants for the Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) must receive at least 65 points on the point assessment.

Requirements:

In order to qualify for a Skilled Visa, the applicant (or their partner) must be able to satisfy the basic visa requirements related to Age, English language ability, Specific Work Experience, Skills, Qualification, Health and Character. Based on these credentials, the applicant has to score a minimum of 60 Points in order to qualify.

Features of this Program:

  • The applicant Could have an indefinite stay in Australia.
  • Permanent residents under the Australian Skilled Immigration Program have full access to health care benefits and certain social security payments.
  • Permanent residents under this Category can apply for citizenship of Australia after staying there for 4 years.
  • Once landed in Australia, the applicant can sponsor their family & friends to stay in Australia.

Eligibility for the Australia Skilled Immigration Program:

The applicants have to satisfy the basic requirements to migrate under the skilled sponsored visa and must meet the 60 points to file for a visa

  • Age & Education : The age of the applicant should be between 18 – 49 years & minimum education should be at least Bachelor degree. 
  • English language: The applicant should prove that he/she meets the English language of competence or vocational level by submitting the test results before the application is lodged. He/ she should also meet the English Language threshold of minimum 6 bands of IELTS in all the components.
  • Nominated Occupations: The applicant should nominate an occupation on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL) that matches with his/her skills, qualifications and work experience.
  • Skill Assessment: It is mandatory for an applicant to get a positive skill assessment for a nominated occupation before the visa application is lodged.

Subclass 190 (Skilled Nominated Visa) & 491 [Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa)]

The Subclass 190 visa is a Skilled, Points-tested and Invited visa for candidates wanting to immigrate to Australia. These applicants are sponsored by the state or territory for the first two years of their beginning in Australia.

The Subclass 491 visa is also a Skilled, Points-tested and Invited visa for candidates wanting to immigrate to Australia. These candidates or eligible family members are sponsored by the state or territory for the first three years after taking residence. 

Australian Subclass 190 Visa

This is a Permanent Resident Visa which is an option to the individuals who cannot meet the Skilled Independent Visa.  The basic requirement of this visa is to get sponsorship from a sponsoring State/ Territory in Australia. Applicants should also meet the points test by scoring 60, 5 points will be sponsored by a state.  The Skilled Sponsored Visa is only a Permanent Resident Visa and the applicants under this category must live for 2 years in Specified State from which he/she has been nominated

Features of this program:

  • The applicant has to be sponsored by State /Territory Government.
  • Permanent residents under the Australian Skilled Immigration Program have full access to health care benefits and certain social security payments
  • Permanent residents under this Category can apply for citizenship of Australia after staying there for 4 year
  • Applicant can score 5 points if nominated by an Australian State/Territory Govt

Eligibility:

  1. Age: The age of the applicant should be between 18 -49 years
  • English language: The applicant should prove that he/she meets the English language of competent or vocational level by submitting the test results before the application is lodged. He/ she should also meet the English Language threshold (IELTS 6 bands in all the components). If the applicant needs 10 or 20 points under Proficiency in English (IELTS 7 or more bands/ 8 or more bands respectively in all the components), English Language test results are required
  • Nominated occupations: The applicant should nominate an occupation in the Consolidated Skilled Occupation List (CSOL) that is relevant to the applicant’s skills, qualifications and recent work experience and the occupation should also be available in the respective state that will sponsor the state nomination.
  • Skill Assessment : Its Mandatory for an applicant to get a positive skill assessment for a nominated occupation before the application is lodged.
  • Maintenance funds: The applicants should show sufficient maintenance funds to obtain sponsorship from state territory.
  • Health & character requirements: The applicant has to meet with health and character requirements

Australia Subclass 491 Visa:

The Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Subclass 491 visa has successfully replaced the Skilled Regional Subclass 489 visa. It allows the holder to stay in Australia for five years. It is an excellent pathway to permanent residency after the visa holder has completed three years in the regional area of state nomination.

Requirements :

Applicant should be under the age of 45 years

Should have a nominated occupation on the regional Skilled Occupation List

Requires passing a skills assessment exam in the nominated occupation

Satisfy the competent English language requirements

65 points are the minimum requirements

All medical, health & character requirements should be fulfilled

Include partner & dependent children in the visa application

Differences between Subclass 190 & Subclass 491

The Subclass 190 is an application for a permanent residency visa. And Subclass 491 is a transitional immigration visa that allows permanent residency after 3 years.

Other Key Points of the State-Sponsored Subclass 190 Skilled Visa

The State-Sponsored Subclass 190 Skilled Visa for Australia is for permanent residents. The applicant should lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI). You would, however, require an invitation to apply. And then be approved for state nomination sponsorship before applying for the visa. 

The state nomination sponsorship eventually adds another 5 points to your points table.

Holders of Subclass 190 visa can:

  • Permanently stay in Australia
  • Work and study in Australia
  • Sponsor relatives to come and live with them
  • Enrol in Medicare and public health schemes
  • Travel in and out of Australia for 5 years
  • Apply for Australian citizenship if applicable

Other Key Points of the Provisional State-Sponsored Subclass 491 Skilled Visa

The Provisional State-Sponsored Subclass 491 Skilled Visa is an invited pathway and a provisional temporary residence to Australia. You must lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI) once you receive the invitation. Subsequently, you should be sponsored by an eligible relative or by an Australian state or territory.

Sponsorship adds 15 points to your point tally.

Holders of Subclass 491 visa can

  • Live in Australia for up to 5 years
  • Work and study in a specified region of Australia
  • Travel in and out of Australia as many times during the same
  • Bring along your family members
  • This visa is for foreign skilled migrant workers wanting to work in Australia
  • The visa holder can apply for the Skilled Regional (Permanent) Subclass 887 Visa 

Fee:

Fee for 190 &491 (Main Applicant ) = $4115AUD

Fee for 190 & 491 Spouse of Main Applicant = &2,055AUD

Fee for 190 & 491 Per child of Main Applicant = &1,030AUD

Moving States on Subclass 190 or Subclass 491 Visas

It is a fact that once granted; the Subclass 190 visa is a permanent resident visa with no strings attached to the state. The immigration applicant has the right to remain in the country as long as he wants and can freely migrate to anywhere in Australia as he likes. There are no restrictions on the 190 visa to stay in the nominating state.

This comes with a catch, though. It could affect the citizenship of the immigration applicant later if they decide to move to another state. It could affect your entire Australia immigration history, including your future visa applications like to sponsor a spouse.

Moving States on Subclass 491 Visa

First of all, the Subclass 491 visa is provisional and not a permanent visa. It is granted with a rider that the visa holder must live, work and study in the designated or specified region of Australia. You cannot turn away from this commitment or condition 8579 that says

Visa holder in Australia is bound to live, work and study only in that part of Australia designated as a regional area when the visa was granted.

It implies that, though the immigrant may move between states or territories but will however live in the region, state, or territory specified in the agreement while granting the subclass 491 visa. DoHA is concerned with the truth that your intentions while accepting the visa still stands. It is also true that DoHA would not be interested if you breach the visa condition. The agency will probe that you had provided any false information to the sponsoring state or territory while obtaining the sponsorship.

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